The Bulldog, or English Bulldog as it is most often called, is one of the most popular breeds in existence. This breed is a foundation stock of many of the bulldog breeds today. Short and thick with a characteristic short muzzle often accompanied by a fold above the nose referred to as the rope.
Natural to the breed is a short bobbed tail, which may be confused with being docked but is not.
Today, the English Bulldog has been down bred as older examples in history tended to be larger, resembling the often confused Olde English Bulldogge. This down breeding has been a product primarily of the show ring and desires of the current pet-owning community.
They were originally referred to as Bondogge, and Bolddogge. The Bulldog was first mentioned in literature around 1500. The first reference of the name change was in 1631-32 by Preswick Eaton in a contract of purchase for the sport of bull-baiting, which was legal at the time.
While the English Bulldog matures slowly, it also has a relatively short life where it begins to show signs of aging as early as 5-6 years, with an average lifespan of 10yrs.
Due to the low level of genetic diversity and physical structure, this breed has the highest hip dysplasia level of any breed. Also, due to structure, most litters are required to be delivered by cesarean section.
Due to the excessive folds that are often present regular cleaning should be done to help prevent infection.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Bulldog was the first dog ever to achieve the selling price of $5,000 by political figure Richard Croker, equivalent to around $57,000 today.